Down Syndrome, also called Trisomy 21, is a condition in which a person is born with an extra chromosome. At the time of conception a baby inherits genetic information from its parents in the form of 46 chromosomes, 23 from the mother and 23 from the father. In the case of Down syndrome, a child receives an extra chromosome 21, leading to a total of 47 chromosomes instead of 46. It’s this extra genetic material that causes the physical features and developmental delays associated with this condition.
1What to do when your unborn baby is diagnosed with it?
Receiving a prenatal Down syndrome diagnosis can feel overwhelming. It may not be the path you envisioned, but knowing what to expect will give you the confidence to parent a child with Down Syndrome. While most expectant parents worry about which breast pump to use and which diapers to buy, the parents of a baby with DS will have to concentrate on things associated with it, like the health problems that might come along with it and the course of treatment and the resources that are available to help kids and their families who are living with this condition.
Though Down syndrome can’t be prevented, it can be detected before a child is born. Being mentally, physically and emotionally prepared for it will be the key to gliding through the early months.