Calcaneal Spur – Risk Factors, Symptoms & Treatment

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Woman taking off yellow high heels shoes.
(Last Updated On: November 30, 2016)

Calcaneal spur or Heel spur is deposit of calcium underside of the heel bone causing bony protrusion. It is associated with Plantar Fasciitis; it is inflammation of the fibrous band Achillies Tendon (Plantar Fascia) that causes pain and tenderness at back of heel and is worse while lifting the ball of the foot.

Risk Factors for Heel Spur

  • Abnormal walking pattern, wherein more stress is put on heel bone
  • Running, jogging or walking on hard surface
  • Poor fitting, less cushioning or wrongly worn shoes
  • Obesity or excessive body weight
  • Old age can reduce plantar fascia flexibility and the heel protection padding thins
  • Diabetes
  • Spending most of the day standing
  • Wearing hard sole shoes or high heels or very thin sole shoes

Person suffering from Calcaneal spur might face following symptoms:

  • Pain while walking, running, jogging or standing
  • Morning when person stands for first time feels pain like knife or pin pricked into the bottom of feet. As day progresses pain becomes dull.
  • One might experience sharp pain after standing from sitting for a long period of time
  • Sometimes redness and swelling might be observed in heel region.

Home Remedies for Calcaneal Spur

  • Rest: Rest your feet, reduce or stop the activity that initiates or increases heel pain.
  • Ice: Use a frozen water bottle under the arch of foot
  • Massage: Use a golf ball or tennis ball roll under the foot. Start from the front of the foot and working way back.
  • Bump your arch: Use insole to bump up the arch, which would reduce stress and pulling on plantar fascia ligament.
  • Stretching: Sit up in bed, flex your feet, hold it and gently pull  them towards you  hold for 10 seconds and repeat  10 times 3-4  times per day.

Prevent Calcaneal Spur

Wear shoe with good heel cushioning and arch support.  When symptoms of soreness initiate massage and apply ice. Avoid walking bare foot and using worn out shoes.

If pain is present more than three weeks, see a physiotherapist. Most of the symptoms would be resolved within 6 weeks from beginning of treatment, 95 % of patients feel better in 6 weeks. For more stubborn symptoms which are not resolved within 6 weeks, the patient must visit orthopedic.  If conservative treatment cannot treat the symptoms after a period of 9 to 12 months, surgery might be required to reduce symptoms. Surgery could be to release plantar fascia or removal of spur.

3 Quick Tips to Avoid Calcaneal Spur

  • Do stretches of plantar fascia before first stand in morning and especially before playing any sport.
  • Try to keep yourself in healthy weight to your height.
  • Wear a supportive shoes if you have experienced a calcaneal spur pain in past

Need Physiotherapy to treat Calcaneal Spur? Avail expert treatment at home. To book an appointment, click here.

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Dr. Hirna Bhatt holds a Master degree in Physiotherapy from Sheffield Hallam University U.K and a Master degree in Acupuncture from Nagpur University. She is specialized in musculoskeletal conditions and have over 3 years of experience in treating patients. Besides working as a therapist, she has keen interest in painting and craft work. She quotes, “Do what makes you happy, success comes in that happiness.”

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