What steps can be taken to prevent it?
- Cover your skin by wearing long sleeved shirts and pants and also wear hats, if necessary
- Mosquito repellents are another good way to prevent mosquito bites
- Use mosquito nets while sleeping outdoors
- People travelling to disease prone countries can take anti-malarial drugs such as chemoprophylaxiswith them.
If diagnosed on time, malaria can be treated successfully, thus nullifying chances of it turning fatal. People suffering from prolonged fever or exhibiting initial symptoms should immediately get themselves tested. A Microscopy or Rapid Diagnostic Test (RDT) is highly recommended by the World Health Organisation for proper diagnosis. RDTs give results within 30 minutes and are therefore the most popular choice.
Like any other disease, early detection and treatment bear higher rates of success. Malaria can lead to death, if not treated on time. The treatment procedure for malaria is dependent on the host’s status, the type of parasite, area of infection, drug resistance status, patient’s allergies to drugs and any associated conditions the patient might have. Chloroquine, doxycycline, quinidine, clindamycin, hydroxychloroquine and mefloquine are some of the common drugs present in malarial medication. WHO also recommends artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) for malarial treatment, especially for complicated cases of P. falciparum malaria. Artemisinin, a product derived from plant Artemisia annua, eliminates malaria causing parasites rapidly.