Key Facts on Palliative Care

(Last Updated On: August 23, 2017)

Palliative care is an approach that improves the quality of life of patients and their families facing the problems associated with life-threatening illness. It includes prevention and relief from suffering by means of early identification, assessment and treatment of health related issues.

Palliative Care

Constituents of Palliative Care:

  • Provides relief from pain and other distressing symptoms
  • Affirms life and regards dying as a normal process
  • Intends neither to hasten or postpone death
  • Integrates the psychological and spiritual aspects of patient care
  • Offers a support system to help patient’s live as actively as possible until death
  • Offers a support system to help the family cope during the patients illness and in their own bereavement
  • Uses a team approach to address the needs of patients and their families, including bereavement counselling, if indicated
  • Will enhance quality of life, and may also positively influence the course of illness; and is applicable early in the course of illness, in conjunction with other therapies that are intended to prolong life, such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy, and includes those investigations needed to better understand and manage distressing clinical complications.

Diseases requiring palliative care for adults:

  • Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s disease and other dementias
  • Cancer
  • Cardiovascular diseases (excluding sudden deaths)
  • Cirrhosis of the liver
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD)
  • Diabetes
  • Kidney failure
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB)

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