There is a common misunderstanding amongst people about Physiotherapy and Massage. Its not the same and one cannot replace the other thinking they both perform almost similar functions. Below post sparks light on the difference between Physiotherapy and Massage.
Physiotherapy or Physical therapy is a therapeutic health care profession primarily concerned with the treatment of impairments, pain such as back pain, knee pain, neck pain etc. and disabilities and with the promotion of mobility, functional ability, quality of life and movement potential. The therapy is done after through physical examination, evaluation, diagnosis and physical intervention.
Physical therapy (PT) specialties include sports, neurology, cardiopulmonary, geriatrics, orthopaedics, hand rehabilitation and pediatrics. PTs practice in many setting, such as outpatient clinics or offices, private home care visit, health and wellness clinics, rehabilitation hospital facilities, skilled nursing facilities, education and research centers, schools, hospices, industrial and this workplaces or other occupational environments, fitness centers and sports training facilities.
Physical Therapists use an individual’s history and Physical examination to arrive at a diagnosis and establish a management plan and, when necessary, incorporate the results of laboratory and imaging studies. Physiotherapists are qualified and trained to use electrotherapeutic modalities such as ultrasound, TENS, Traction, Mobilization and Manipulation of vertebral and peripheral joints are also utilized.
PT management commonly includes ailment specific exercises, manipulation and other interventions. In addition, PTs work with individuals to prevent the loss of mobility restoring maximum movement and functional ability.
A physical therapist has also the knowledge to refer a client to appropriate health care practitioners (Orthopaedic surgeon, Gynaecologist, Oncologist, etc.) if the PT has reasonable cause to believe symptoms or conditions present require services beyond the scope of practice and if PT is contraindicated.