Side-effects of Paracetamol You Should Know

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Whenever you have a headache, back pain, menstrual cramps or fever, Paracetamol is the usual go-to pain killer. It is often prescribed for people with a common cold or tooth ache. Paracetamol is also known as acetaminophen, and is used in the treatment of both children as well as adults. This pain killer also provides relief from arthritis, to a certain extent.

Doctors or physicians may prescribe this pain reliever frequently. The World Health Organization (WHO) has even identified it as one of the basic necessities of health care. However, there are a variety of side effects from Paracetamol that can be dangerous, harmful and even fatal. It is even possible for one to experience a Paracetamol over-dose, which could result in liver failure.

The side effects of Paracetamol are minor, if you take it according to the prescribed dosage. But there may be dire consequences to the consumption of this medicine without the recommendation of a doctor or medical expert.

Therefore, while taking acetaminophen (Paracetamol), it is important to take certain precautions. It is advisable for those who have allergies, drink excess alcohol or even those with liver failure to consult a general physician before taking Paracetamol, to avoid any adverse effect.

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The medical recommendation of paracetamol day is provided below:

  • For adults and children aged 16 years and older: 500 mg-1 g every 4-6 hours up to a maximum of 4 g daily.
  • For children aged 12-15 years: 480-750 mg every 4-6 hours up to a maximum of four doses daily.
  • For children aged 10-11 years: 480-500 mg every 4-6 hours up to a maximum of four doses daily.
  • For children aged 8-9 years: 360-375 mg every 4-6 hours up to a maximum of four doses daily.
  • For children aged 6-7 years: 240-250 mg every 4-6 hours up to a maximum of four doses daily.
  • For children aged 4-5 years: 240 mg every 4-6 hours up to a maximum of four doses daily.
  • For children aged 2-3 years: 180 mg every 4-6 hours up to a maximum of four doses daily.
  • For children aged 6 months-1 year: 120 mg every 4-6 hours up to a maximum of four doses daily.
  • For children aged 3-5 months: 60 mg every 4-6 hours up to a maximum of four doses daily.
  • For children aged 2 months following immunisation: 60 mg, repeated once after 4-6 hours if needed.

Given below are almost all the side effects that consumption of Paracetamol beyond the prescribed limit might have on you:

Possible major side effects:

Hepatitis:

The condition of Hepatitis can be drug-induced. Acetaminophen or Paracetamol is one of the drugs that can cause you to develop Hepatitis. This condition causes an inflammation of the liver, which leads to liver failure or damage to the liver. Small doses of certain medicines can result in liver damage, especially in patients with liver conditions. But large doses of Paracetamol can severely affect the liver, causing inflammation and a breakdown of the liver.

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