Stroke, also known as a brain attack, occurs when the blood flow to a specific portion of the brain falls short, depriving the brain of vital oxygen and glucose key to its necessary functioning. Corresponding to the region of the stroke the result could be memory loss, lack of muscle coordination, loss of speech or anything pertaining to brain-controlled activities.
The causes of stroke can be tied to many factors. The most prominent factors among them include high blood pressure followed by obesity, diabetes, cholesterol and smoking. Stroke is found to target people above the age of 65. Nonetheless, people who are 45 years of age and below also experience strokes. Owing to our current lifestyle and food habits sporadic cases of stroke attack are found in people in their mid-30s as well.
A stroke can occur at any moment without a warning. So it becomes important to know the symptoms beforehand in order to think prudently. The most common symptoms include drooping of the facial muscles, weakness in the arms and legs, blurry vision, dizziness, and speech difficulty.
The treatment encompasses a wide range and can be classified based on the type of stroke to be treated. When it comes to physical rehabilitation, it includes strengthening motor skills, mobility training, constraint-induced therapy and range-of-motion therapy. One of the most prominent rehabilitation techniques is the Bobath concept, also known as the neurodevelopmental approach (NDT). It has been used clinically for more than 50 years and has been proven effective.