I first heard about Parkinson’s when the legendary boxer Muhammad Ali was diagnosed with the condition. Telegraph UK dubbed Ali’s struggle with the condition as his longest round till date then. There was little awareness about the disease and there were suggestions that the boxer was battling deep-seated psychological issues and a few skeptics doubted substance abuse as well. Today on the occasion of World Parkinson’s Day, let us know more about the condition.
Parkinson’s is a progressive neurological disease that causes problems with body motions. There is no cure for this chronic condition, however, with treatment, you can certainly get better and live normally.
The Run Up to Parkinson’s
The dopamine cells in your body control your motor movement. With Parkinson’s, there is a degeneration of these dopamine cells, that causes a progressive decline in motor skills and co-ordination of muscles.
Though genetics does play a part in Parkinson’s, there is no evidence proving that this condition is hereditary. Both genetic as well as environmental factors contribute to the development of Parkinson’s. Some of the factors that can increase your risk of developing this condition are head injury, being exposed to harmful toxins, a family history of the condition or old age.
The main symptoms of this neurodegenerative condition are tremors in the legs, head or hands, the Parkinson’s (shuffling) gait, chronic stiffness of the muscles and an inability to maintain postural balance.
Here is a list of the symptoms that provide early indications of Parkinson’s:
1. Thrashing around in your sleep
It may be normal to toss and turn in your sleep. But sudden flailing or jerky movements in sleep could be an early indicator Parkinson’s disease. If you exhibit symptoms such as falling out of bed, kicking and punching fitfully or even thrashing in your sleep, it could be an indicator of the condition. Seek medical help if these symptoms recur.
2. Blank stare or masking
With a loss in muscle movement, there is stiffness of facial expressions called masking. Masking is one of the noticeable symptoms of Parkinson’s in the early stages. People diagnosed with this condition have a blank or serious expression even when the conversation is genial, and blink less frequently.
3. Changes in your voice and tone
In the latter stages of this condition, the symptoms of slurry speech and monotonous tone become very evident. But traces of this symptom can be detected even at the early stages of Parkinson’s disease. This condition may cause you to speak in lower tones, with a hoarse voice and with lesser voice modulation. These symptoms may not be clearly discernible at the preliminary stages of this disorder.
4. Slouching and changes in posture
Parkinson’s is a degenerative disorder; as it progresses, the symptoms manifest themselves and then worsen with time. Hence, the shuffling gait as well as postural imbalance begin at an early stage and slowly deteriorate. It may be normal to slouch or hunch, but for those who suffer from Parkinson’s, the loss of muscle co-ordination is long-term. If you experience discernible slouching, stooping posture or an evident hunch, it may be indicative of Parkinson’s.
One of the symptoms that you may notice early on in this condition is constipation. If you suffer from constipation, for reasons other than a low fiber diet and consuming less water, then you should visit a general physician. Patients with Parkinson’s disease experience strain and struggle with bowel movement. However, constipation is a common problem that is not exclusively related to the condition of Parkinson’s.
6. Sudden change in handwriting
One observable effect of suffering from Parkinson’s is a shift to smaller, cramped handwriting. Patients may note a sudden change in the size and style of their handwriting. Those who suffer from this disease, have stiffness in the hand and finger muscles, which make it tough to hold the pencil while writing. Parkinson’s affects the patient’s motor skills, which include all small movements such as writing, drawing or eating. Hence, if you detect a sudden alteration in the size of your writing, it may point to the condition of Parkinson’s.
7. Minor twitches and tremors
Tremors and twitches are one of the most noticeable symptoms in the later stages of the disease. But this symptom begins and progresses gradually. You might notice twitches or minuscule tremors in the fingers, hand, foot, leg, arm and other parts of the body as well. Though the tremors may not be very noticeable, if you experience them, it is important to get a check-up.
8. Stiffness of the body
Parkinson’s is a mobility related disorder; it causes symptoms such as a shuffling gait, jerky movement, or uncoordinated motor skills. These serious symptoms may become evident only in the advanced stages of the disease. However, rigidity or stiffness of the body and slow movement could be early signs of Parkinson’s. It might be usual to experience slower movements or stiffness of the arms and legs with old age. But if these symptoms persist and you find it difficult to walk or move around, it might be an early warning of Parkinson’s disease.
Various forms of treatment to keep the condition of Parkinson’s in check are available. These treatments have been effective in alleviating the symptoms and managing this degenerative disorder. Early detection and diagnosis ensures that treatment is more efficient. The treatment includes medication along with speech, physical and occupational therapy. In addition to this, psychological counseling and exercise are other methods that aid rehabilitation and recovery.
Physiotherapy can help maximize independence and functional potential in patients with Parkinson’s. If you think your loved one is suffering from any of the above symptoms, avail Portea’s physiotherapy services without delay.