Women are unique. Their anatomy is unique, their behavior is unique, and their problems are unique, too. It is due to their distinct biological, social and behavioral conditions that the diseases and illness that affect them are different from the ones that affect men in more than one way.
Why Women Require Special Care?
Even though women constitute an integral part of the family and society, the subject matter of a woman’s health almost always takes a backseat. As the chief caregiver of the family, a woman is busy taking care of every member of the family and in turn forgets to take care of herself.
While the health of the children in the family often finds preference over and above everything else, in many families, the health of the woman is generally neglected. And hence it becomes the responsibility of the rest of the people to take proper care of her.
The entire life-cycle of a woman is a turbulent ride. Right from inception in her mother’s womb to aging in later years, each stage of development affects her growth and health.
2What Are The Characteristic Problems That Set Women’s Health Care Apart?
The reproductive and sexual health places a certain burden on women. Even after advancements made in the field of medicine, pregnancy and childbirth are still associated with substantial risks to women. Maternal mortality, still, claims the life of more than a quarter of million women, each year. The gaps of this record witnesses larger gaps between developed and developing countries.
The next thing that demands attention is the case of sexually transmitted infections which has serious consequences not just for the woman but also her offspring. The transmission of such ailments from mother to child leads to cases such as stillbirths and neonatal deaths.
The other causes which adversely affect a woman are the concern for birth control, and the case of unconsensual sexual activity, unplanned pregnancy, and lastly the fight for admittance to abortion.
There are specific diseases related to women that create explicit challenges in both the prevention and health care of women. They are particularly vulnerable in two phases- rather, two extremes, of their lives
Young women and adolescents find themselves exposed to the risks of sexually transmitted infections, pregnancy, and unsafe abortions
The older women find themselves at the disadvantage of fewer resources as compared to men, increased risk of abuse and poor health
Menstrual cycles are another factor that results not only in physiological changes but also affects the physical and mental health. Menopause, marked by irregular menstrual cycles, result in substantial changes in the hormonal activities of a woman. It also brings out the emotional and psychological changes associated with the loss of fertility, which is a reminder of aging and a possible loss of desirability.
And an even more mentally exhausting possibility is coping with the results of premature menopause, which could be caused as a result of medical or surgical intervention.